3 issues of Labex Program of Embrapa in Europe:
• management of natural resources
• Food-processing technologies
• “Advanced biology” and molecular interactions plants-microorganisms
n° 15 - October 2012 - 48 pages
EMBRAPA (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária), the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, linked to the ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, has the missions of ‘providing technological solutions for sustainable agricultural development in Brazil to the benefit of the Brazilian society’.
Founded in 1973, it has thus developed thousands of technologies of use in Brazilian agriculture, reduced production costs and helped Brazil to increase its food security while conserving natural resources and the environment.
With more than 9500 employees including more than 2400 research scientists, Embrapa has built up a network of 42 research centers, 5 service centers and 15 central divisions. Present in all the Brazilian states, it additionally serves as a link between the institutions that are part of the national agricultural research system.
Embrapa is also involved in numerous international cooperation projects, in particular through the virtual laboratories abroad, ‘Labex’ (today in the United States, Europe and Asia), and thanks to technological transfer offices in Africa and Latin America.
“The LABINTEX programme of INTA in France is a strategic action because it allows Argentina to be positioned on cutting-edge research by cooperating with European partners”
LABINTEX implementation, supported by the InterAmerican Development Bank (IDB), aims to :
• Lead advanced research to create innovations
• Identify and develop scientific cooperation by establishing innovation networks between organizations in Argentina, in France and in other European countries
• Increase competitiveness and sustainability in Argentina’s agricultural production.
Issues identified within the partnership framework
• Emergent technologies (biotechnology, nanotechnology, ICTs, etc.) ;
• Agro-food and agro-business technologies ;
• Technologies for environmental conservation and sustainable management ;
• Organizational innovations (rural development, family agriculture, extension).
Coordinator: Dr Nobilly Frisco
Dr Andy Sheppard (PhD)represented by José Serin for France
Theme Leader - Biosecurity Flagship
CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences
Phone: +61 2 6246 4198
In October 1994, CSIRO opened its European Laboratory (CSIRO-EL) on the Agropolis International Campus at Baillarguet, Montferrier-sur-Lez, on the outskirts of Montpellier in southern France.
The major impetus for this development has been biological control - the use of living organisms, rather than chemicals, to control pests and weeds.
The laboratory also has an increasing role in precautionary biosecurity research relating to pests not yet present in Australia.
Due to Australia’s strict quarantine and biosecurity requirements, much of this research can not be carried out in Australia.
The laboratory provides CSIRO with a facility where research relevant to Australia can be conducted outside Australia.
Dawn Gundersen-Rindal, Director
E-mail : Dawn.Gundersen-Rindal@ars.usda.gov
The European Biological Control Laboratory (EBCL) of the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA/ARS) was established during 1991 in Montpellier. This new laboratory facility resulted from a fusion of the former European Parasite Laboratory, which began operating during 1919 in France, and a Biological Control of Weeds Laboratory, which started during 1958 in Rome. EBCL is now the leading overseas ARS biological control laboratory and is the first research facility to have been constructed beyond the borders of the United States by the USDA Agricultural Research Service.
The management of insect pests, weeds and pathogens is an important feature of agricultural research programs worldwide. These invaders of plants and animals can lead to vast financial losses for countries engaged in agriculture. In the developing world this can result in starvation.
The overall goal of research at EBCL is to develop biological control technologies, which can be used to suppress, invading weeds and insect pests. This is done through explorations to find natural enemies (insects, mites and pathogens). These are characterized in careful experimentation and eventually developed as biological control agents. These agents are major components of biologically based integrated pest management systems (IPM). The objective of biologically based IPM is a safe, environmentally sound technology which is practical, economical and which conserves non-renewable energy.